War in Vietnam 1954-1975

War in Vietnam 1954-1975

GCSE History Revision Notes

By Dane O’ Neill

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Contents

Topic Key Words: Containment; Geneva Accords; Tonkin Resolution; Vietcong; Guerrilla Warfare; Rolling Thunder; Search and Destroy; Hearts and Minds; Agent Orange; Napalm: Mai Lai; Veterans; Protests; Fulbright Hearings; Tet Offensive; Vietnamisation; Saigon; 7

Partition of Vietnam after the Geneva Accords, 1954 7

The Policy of ‘Containment’ 8

Armies of the North: 8

1. PAVN (People’s Army of Vietnam) 8

2. The National Liberation Front (NLF) 8

Armies of the South: 8

3. ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam) 8

4. The US Army - 8

Origins of the US involvement in Vietnam 8

French Indochina before WW2 8

The French Defeat at Dien Bien Phu, 1954 9

The Geneva Accords, 1954 9

US policy and intervention following the French Defeat at Dien Bien Phu 9

The Domino Theory and the US policy of ‘Containment’ 9

Vietnam: Early Problems and the rise of Ngo Dinh Diem 9

The Communist Vietcong infiltrates the South 10

The Gulf of Tonkin crisis 10

1.1- The theory of ‘guerrilla warfare’ 11

Guerrilla Tactics defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu, 1954 11

The Vietcong uses guerrilla tactics against America, 1964-1968 11

1) Ambushes: 11

2) Booby traps: 11

3) Hidden enemy: 12

4) China and Russia: 12

5) Ho Chi Minh Trail: 12

1.2 - The American response to Vietcong guerrilla tactics: 12

1) Operation Rolling Thunder, (1965): 12

2) Chemical Weapons: Agent Orange 12

3) ‘Hearts and Minds’: 12

4) Displacement and ‘Strategic Hamlets’ 12

5) Search and Destroy 12

6) Fr...

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