The Challenge in Northern Ireland 1960 - 1999

The Challenge in Northern Ireland
1960 - 1999

GCSE History Revision Notes

By Dane O’ Neill

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Contents

Topic Key Words: 6

1.1 - Religious divisions in Ireland: Origins of the Troubles 7

The Government of Ireland Act, (1920) 7

1.2 - Tensions between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland: Protestants fear a united Ireland 7

1.3 - Tensions between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland: the Orange Order 7

1.4 - Political and religious inequality in Northern Ireland: discrimination against Catholics 8

Inequality in local government 8

Inequality under the law: the RUC 8

Inequality under the law: the B-Specials 8

Economic inequality 8

Discrimination in Social Welfare 9

1.5 - Prime Minister Terence O’Neill 9

Cooperation between North and South 9

1.6 - Terence O’ Neill: Plans for Reform 9

 Industry: 9

 Co-operation with Catholics: 9

 Cooperation with the South: 9

1.7 - O’Neill: Reforms met with failures and unpopularity 10

Anger among the Protestant/Unionist community 10

Dissatisfaction among Catholic Civil Rights activists 10

1.8 - University of Ulster, Coleraine, 1968 10

1.9 - Craigavon town 10

1.9 - Civil Rights Movements, Ireland in the 1960s 10

1.10 - Religious tension escalates, 1969: the Apprentice Boys march and the battle of the ‘Bogside’ 11

1.11 - Topic Summary: inequalities leading to the Troubles, 1969 11

In chronological order 11

2.1 - Civil Rights Marches, 1968-69 Civil Rights Movements, Ireland in the 1960s 12

Early Civil Rights organisations in the North 12

Northern Ireland Civ...

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