Race Relations in the USA 1945-1968

Race Relations in the USA 1945-1968

GCSE History Revision Notes

By Dane O’ Neill

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Contents

Racial Segregation in America 5

African-American soldiers’ experience of WW2 5

“Executive Order 8802” and the Detroit Race Riots 5

Segregation in the US Armed Forces 5

The Tuskegee Airmen 6

Discrimination continues after WW2 6

Truman de-segregates the Armed Forces, 1948 6

Discrimination in the Southern States: the ‘Jim Crow Laws’ and ‘Formal Segregation’ 7

 African-Americans COULD NOT VOTE: 7

 Blacks and whites were SEGREGATED: 7

Racial Discrimination in the Southern States: White Supremacist groups and racial violence 7

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) 7

Discrimination in the Northern States: African-American Ghettoes, black urban poverty, and ‘Informal Segregation’ 1920s onwards… 8

The Beginning of Civil Rights Movements in America 8

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) 8

Desegregation tensions: Little Rock Central High School, 1957 8

James Meredith and the University of Mississippi, 1962 9

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955-1956 9

Before the Boycott: Racial Segregation in Montgomery, Alabama 9

The Bravery of Rosa Parks, 1 December, 1955 10

Martin Luther King and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955-1956 10

The Monday Boycott 10

The Boycott Continues 10

Whites oppose the Boycott 10

The Supreme Court Decision, 1956 11

Successes of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 11

Failures of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 11

The methods of the Civil Rights Movement, 1961-1968 12

The Freedom Riders, 1961 12

The Greensboro Sit-i...

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