From Tsardom to Communism Russia 1914-1924

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From Tsardom to Communism: Russia 1914-1924

GCSE History Revision Notes

By Dane O’ Neil

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From Tsardom to Communism: Russia 1914-1924

Table of Contents

Introduction 5

Topic Key Words: 5

1.1 - Tsarist Russia (Pre-Communist Russia) 6

Russian Society: 6

Russian Industry 6

Russian Politics under Tsar Nicholas II 6

1.2 - ‘Bloody Sunday, 1905’ – The Beginnings of Revolution. 7

Reactions to Bloody Sunday 7

1.3 – Prime Minister Stolypin’s failed economic policies (1906 – 1911) 7

1.4 - The influence of the First World War 8

1.5 - The ‘February Revolution’, 1917 8

2.1 - The Provisional Government – problems and failures 9

Bolsheviks prepare for revolution (1917) 9

2.2 - The October Revolution, 1917 9

Lenin establishes power: 10

2.3 - Why were the Bolsheviks so successful in 1917? 10

The Russian Civil War (1918-1921): 11

3.1 - The ‘Reds’ and the ‘Whites’ 11

The Allied Powers support Whites 11

3.2 - Studying the Russian Civil War 11

1) The Military Conflict 11

2) War Communism 11

3) The Red Terror 11

4) The Kronstadt Naval Mutiny 11

5) The Aftermath of the Civil War 11

Civil War: 1 - The Military Conflict 12

The Military Conflict of the Russian Civil War was fought on many different fronts 12

The Defeat of the White Army: 12

Civil War: 2 - Lenin’s War Communism 12

War Communism (Industry): 13

War Communism (Agriculture): 13

Civil War: 3 - The Red Terror: 13

Civil War: 4 - The Kronstadt Rising (February 1921) 13

Civil War: 5 - Aftermath of the Russian Civil War 13

Lenin’s NEP (New Economic Policy) and Russian Economic Rec...

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