Life’s Meaning and Values, Essential Revision Notes

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Table of Contents

Man’s Search for Meaning 5

Contemporary Context 5

Music 5

Literature 6

God and the problem of evil 7

Moral evil 7

Non-moral evil 7

Moral evil in theory 7

Non-moral evil in theory 7

Modern culture vs. Our search for meaning 8

Indifference 8

Apathy 8

Extended family vs. nuclear family 8

The ‘Search’ Tradition 9

Philosophy 9

Philosophy’s ‘Why’ 9

Notable Philosophers 10

The Sophists 14

Philosophy Timeline 16

Modernity 17

Phenomenology 17

Existentialism -- the philosophy of the 20th century 17

Humanism 18

Reductionism 19

The Quest 20

Symbolism 20

Symbolic language 20

The ‘Search’ Tradition 20

Symbolic Places 21

Beliefs 23

Atheism 23

Forms 24

Polytheism 24

Hinduism 24

Shinto 25

Monotheism 25

Modern Science 26

Cosmology 26

Concepts of God 26

Gods of the ancients 26

God Mythology 27

Judaism 28

Christianity 29

Islam 29

Analysis/Comparison 30

Christian Revelation 31

Muslim Revelation 32

Naming God 33

Contemporary Images of God 34

God as ‘Mother’ 34

The prophet 34

The idea of God 34

Transcendence 35

Religious expression 36

The poetic & The aesthetic 36

Conscience 36

Moral order 37

The Emergence of Values 37

Communal values 37

Judaism 37

Christianity 38

Islam 38

The Secular 39

Feminism 39

The Family 39

Man’s Search for Meaning

"Give me a why to live and I will endure almost any how."

Viktor E. Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning

Victor Frankl did a lot of study on the concept of meaning and values. The above could be discussed in relevance to anyone who survived a difficult period in their lives.

Contemporary Context

Music

‘There’s gotta be more to life’ – Stacie Orico

I've got it all, but I feel so deprived

I go up, I come down and I'm emptier

inside

Tell me what is this thing that I feel like

I'm missing

And why can't I let it go

I've got the time and I'm wasting it slowly

Here in this moment I'm half-way out the

door

Onto the next thing, I'm searching for

something that's missing

CHORUS:

There's gotta be more to life...

Than chasing down every temporar...

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