GCSE PE Revision - 8 Point Plan
May 18, 2016
Revising GCSE PE: 8 aspects to study
1. Sport classification
Sport is classified in six different categories by the National Curriculum for Physical Education: games, athletics, dance, swimming, gymnastics and outdoor adventure. Each of the sports in similar groupings share basic characteristics and principles in tactics. All sports have clear rules to give them structure and ensure the smooth and safe running of activities.
2. The body – How it works and moves
Students are expected to have a clear understanding of the nervous system and how it controls all of the body’s functions and reflexes and how these work. Muscle control and how the brain controls the skeletal muscles, endocrine system and hormones are also important to know.
3. Energy and the body
How the body obtains its energy is a core part of the GCSE PE syllabus and knowledge of the circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems, blood, respiration and the short and long term effects of exercise is essential.
4. Sports skills and organisations
The excitement and unpredictability of sport is what makes it so enduring. Skill definitions of such as learned ability and motor skills need to be understood in addition to the phases in learning a new skill such as the cognitive, associative and autonomous phases.
A coach’s role of a coach and the types of guidance they offer are also important to consider. Knowledge of the major sporting organisations and landmark events such as the Olympics is necessary, plus a good grasp of the role of politics in sport.
5. Sport as a business and participation
Sport is one of the biggest forms of business worldwide. You should study the role of the media and sponsorship in addition to the differences between amateur and professional sport, and the wider sporting landscape across the country from grassroots youth and school-based sport to professional levels.
6. Sports training and injuries
Sports training has become hugely sophisticated. There are four key principles that should be considered when planning and conducting training programmes and sessions: specificity, overload, progression and reversibility. There are many different types of fitness, both health-related and performance-based, including speed, cardiovascular endurance, strength, flexibility and balance.
It’s also important for students to know how to approach the treatment of basic sports injuries.
7. Sports psychology
While psychology is a standalone subject, it’s important to have a grasp of the main psychological aspects that play a key role in sporting performance – from decision-making and output to goal setting and motivation.
8. Fitness, diet and health
The World Health Organisation has defined three types of fitness and health: physical, mental, and social health. When measuring health related fitness, sports fitness can be divided into various categories – as mentioned earlier.