GCSE Maths Unit 1 - Boxplots Guide

March 29, 2016

GCSE Maths: Boxplots

GCSE Maths - Boxplots

What do boxplots express?

Every boxplot gives a minimum, lower quartile, median, upper quartile and maximum as shown in the diagram below.

GCSE Maths - Boxplots


Range = Highest value – Lowest value

Interquartile Range = upper quartile – lower quartile

A small interquartile range shows the data is quite consistent while a large interquartile range shows that the data is quite inconsistent


Girls and boys are timed in a race and the box plot gives information about the girls’ times.

GCSE Maths Unit 1 - Boxplots

The following information is known about the boys’ times:

(1) 25% of the boys take 12 seconds or less

(2) The interquartile range for the boys is the same as for the girls

(3) The ratio of median times is girls : boys = 8:7

(4) The time of the fastest boy is 10.5 and the time of the slowest boy is 18.5.

Complete a box plot for the boys’ times.



Lower quartile = 12 seconds

Interquartile range for the girls = 4 = Interquartile range for the boys

Upper quartile = 12 + 4 = 16

Boys’ median = 7/8 x girls’ median = 7/8 x 16 = 14

Fastest and slowest times are 10.5 and 18.5 seconds respectively

GCSE Maths Boxplots

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