Learning and improving skill and technique
LC Physical Education
Topic 1 Revision Notes
Topic 1: Learning and improving skill and technique
1.1. Defining a skilled performance
1.11 identify the characteristics of a skilled performance
1.12 discuss the difference between skill and ability
1.2. Analysing skill and technique
- analyse selected skills and techniques from the following perspectives:
biomechanical; planes and axes, levers
movement; vectors and scalars, Newton’s laws of motion
quality/effectiveness; economy of movement, creative application of skill
1.3. Skill acquisition
1.31 outline the stages of learning a new skill
1.32 describe how skills are learned effectively
1.33 design practice schedules incorporating the principles of effective practices and a variety of practice methods
1.1 – Skilled performance
Skilled performers are autonomous performers, and have a particular look to their movement. These observable features of skilled performers include: kinaesthetic sense, anticipation, consistency and good technique.
Kinaesthetic sense refers to the skilled performer’s proprioception, which relies on information from various sensors in the muscles and other organs that provide information about body position and movement without the need to see it. Skilled performers can feel the movement and even correct movements mid-performance. Kinesthesis develops as a direct result of practice; it develops “muscle memory”. An example would be a basketballer adjusting their shot after being fouled to ensure the shot still is successful.
Anticipation is the skilled performer’s ability to read the play or his opponent and respond accordingly. It refers to the skilled performer’s ability to predict their opponent’s next move. Good anticipation comes by learning to read an opponent’s body positioning and being familiar with their preference of style or shot. This is particularly important for externally paced skills. An example is when a tennis player anticipates a backhand down the line aft...