Home Economics Nutrition, Health and Food Preparation, Revision Notes

© irevise.com 2016.

All revision notes have been produced by mockness ltd for irevise.com.

Email: info@irevise.com

Copyrighted material.

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, reprinting, or otherwise without either the prior written permission of irevise.com or a license permitting copying in the United Kingdom issued by the copyright licensing Agency.

2 Home Economics – Revision Notes – Food and Nutrition

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Minerals and Vitamins. 5

Minerals 5

Calcium 5

Iron 6

Potassium (HL) 6

Sodium (HL) 8

Zinc (HL) 8

Iodine (HL) 9

Vitamins 10

Fat Soluble Vitamins 10

Vitamin A 10

Vitamin D 11

Vitamin K: Naphthoquinones 11

Vitamin E: Tocopherols 12

Water Soluble Vitamins 13

Vitamin C: Ascorbic Acid 13

Vitamin B1: Thiamine 14

Vitamin B2: Riboflavin 14

Vitamin B6: Pyriodoxine 15

Vitamin B12: Cobalamin 15

Folate 16

Water 16

Chapter 2 : Diet and Health 17

Energy 17

Inter- Relationship of Dietary Deficiencies and Excess with Diet Related Problems: 22

Bowel Disease 22

Coeliac Disease 23

Coronary Heart Disease 24

Obesity 25

Osteoporosis 27

Vegetarian 28

Dental Disease 28

Diabetes Mellitus 29

Chapter 3 - Food Preparation and Cooking Processes 30

3 Home Economics – Revision Notes – Food and Nutrition

Changes during food preparation: 30

Physical and Chemical Changes that occur during Cooking: 31

Principles of Cooking Food: 32

Methods of Cooking: 33

Soups & Sauces: 35

Types of Soup: 35

Sauces: 36

Pastry: 37

4 Home Economics – Revision Notes – Food and Nutrition


Helped by Vitamin D + 1200mg

High Protein


Lactating women:



Children: 800-1000mg



Chapter 1 – Minerals and Vitamins.


What you need to know:

  • Functions
  • Sources
  • Effects of deficiency
  • RDA
  • Absorption (Calcium and Iron only)

What are minerals?

  • Inorganic nutrients required by the body.
  1. Macro-minerals are needed in relatively large amounts in the body.
  2. Trace-minerals are needed in s...

Sign In To View

Sign in or sign up in order to view resources on iRevise

Sign In Create An Account