Primary Activities in non EU region

Discuss the primary activities in a non-European region that you have studied?

Leaving Cert Geography

Sample Answers

Primary Activities in non EU region

The non-European region I have studied is Brazil. Brazil employs over 50m people in agriculture, which is approx half of its population. Agriculture accounts for 12% of Brazil’s GDP and Europe buys almost half of these exports such as coffee and bananas which cannot be grown in most European countries. Over 10m people are employed in coffee production in Brazil. It is also the world’s leading exporter of bananas. Corn production in Brazil has increased by 40% since 1990. Brazil now as a result exports almost 4m tonnes of corn yearly. Soya beans are a very successful cash crop grown in Brazil. Over 80m tonnes of soya beans are exported yearly- this figure is expected to rise to 90m tonnes in 2014 meaning Brazil could overtake the US as the world’s largest exporter of soya beans. Scientists have also developed beans that can grow in the savannah conditions of Brazil. The Cerrado is a large grassland in Brazil covering 547 Ha and it contributes to nearly 70% of the country’s beef cattle production. However, Brazil has to import wheat as its climate is unsuitable for growth.

Sugar cane employs 300,000 people in the state of Sao Paolo alone. Ethanol is extracted from the plant and used as an alternative fuel for cars in Brazil. Brazil is also the world’s largest exporter of beef. There are over 165m cattle in Brazil and it has the world’s largest commercial herd. Landowners own most of the wealth in Brazil despite only making up 1% of cattle owners. Average farms in Brazil have over 600 cows and are 1,000 Ha in size. Poorer family farms are less then 10 Ha. Tenant farmers grow papaya and cassava which is a native vegetable. They are subsistent farmers which means they only harvest enough to feed themselves and their families. Forest in Brazil covers over 4,7 km squared. Most deforestation occurs in the Amazon region where th...

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