Contrasting European Regions

Two contrasting European regions which I have studied are the Paris basin in north-central France and the Mezzogiorno in southern Italy. These regions are examples of core and peripheral regions respectively. Both regions’ economic development have been influenced to a notable extent by the natural landscape and relief present.

The Paris Basin is a core European region ideally located in the centre of Europe. This region has developed to become a worldwide economic stronghold due to a number of factors, none more so than the presence of a very well naturally structured relief presence.

The Paris Basin undulates across a larger space than Ireland. The region is renowned for its layered structure of stratified sedimentary rock. Rock types diversify as one mitigates outward from the centre of the basin from sandstone and limestone to patches of chalk and clay.

The region has a naturally occurring covering of Limon. Limon is a fertile soil deposited during the Ice-Age which is transported by the uninterrupted gusts of wind which sweep the region. The soil is very finely-grained and fertile due to high mineral content.

Drainage of the land is undertaken by the River Seine, which flows in a north-westerly direction and has many tributaries which ensure the relief is well drained and has access to water on a year round basis. This ensures the low lying lands which make up the flood plain are fertilised naturally by a layer of alluvium, this protects farmers from the financial burden of purchasing artificial fertilizers.

The presence of fertile land with a high standard of year round drainage complimented by low-lying, flat and slightly undulating land results in the ideal foundation for mechanised farming, construction, expansion, a large population and the development of infrastructure.

In contrast to the Paris Basin; the Mezzogiorno is an example of a peripheral European region which I have studied. The Mezzogiorno is located in the south of Italy and is relatively perip...

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