Concept of a Region

Socio-economic factors relate to unique social and/or economic attributes used to define a region. Examples of socio-economic factors used to identify regions are population sizes, land-use and location, rates of employment, infrastructural development and levels of productivity. Two categories of regions defined by socio-economic factors which I have studied are core and peripheral economic regions.

A core region tends to be a region with strong economic development, high employment rates, high average incomes, well-structured infrastructure and central geographic location. The region tends to boast many favourable attributes to support such a situation in relation to climate, relief, drainage and soils. These factors are supportive of intensive and commercial primary economic activities on a year round basis. Farming is practiced on large, extensive plots supportive of mechanisation and capable of mass production as is required to meet the presence of a large domestic market in demand of local fresh produce. Secondary economic activities tend to be supported by well-developed means of access to and from the region, high population densities, a young and educated workforce and the access to locally produced raw materials. The tertiary sector of the economy is the most well developed sector of a core region’s economy. In this sector research and development, marketing, human resources, hospitality and other services are plentiful in supply and in their demand. Investment in this sector is high from both domestic and foreign sources. The general pace of life in the core region is quick paced with well-developed public transport systems such as light-rail and frequent buses to cater for the supply of commuters around the clock. The Greater Dublin Area is an example of a core region in Ireland, an example of a core region in Europe is the Paris Basin Region of France.

A peripheral region is a form of socio-economic region which is defined by its poor socio-economic cha...

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