Physical Geography SRPs, Essential Revision Notes

© irevise.com 2017.

All revision notes have been produced by mockness ltd for irevise.com.

Table of Contents

Global Crustal Plate Movement 5

Matching Fossils 6

Continental Fit 6

Matching Rocks and Mountain Ranges 6

Convergent Plate Boundaries 7

Oceanic Plate to Oceanic Plate 7

Oceanic Plate to Continental Plate 7

Continental Plate to Continental Plate 7

Earthquakes 7

Convergent Plate Boundaries 7

Divergent Plate Boundaries 8

Transform Faults 8

Ground vibrations 9

Liquefaction 9

Avalanches and Landslides 9

Fire 9

Tsunamis 9

Volcanoes 9

The Pacific Ring of Fire 9

Divergent Plate Boundaries 10

Convergent Plate Boundaries 10

Hot Spots 10

Volcanic Extrusive Landforms 10

Shield Volcanoes 10

Lava Plateaux 10

Dome Volcanoes 11

Composite Volcanoes 11

Volcanic Intrusive Landforms 11

Batholiths 11

Dykes 11

Sills 11

The Advantages of Volcanoes 12

Fertile Soils 12

Formation of precious stones and minerals 12

Geothermal Energy 12

Tourism 12

The Disadvantages of Volcanoes 12

Loss of Life 12

Property Damage 12

Environmental Damage 13

Fold Mountain Formation 13

Caledonian Folding 13

Armorian Foldings 13

Alpine Foldings 14

Fault Types 14

Normal Faults 14

Tear Faults 14

Reverse and Thrust Faults 14

Igneous Rock Formation 15

Extrusive vs. Intrusive Rock 15

Basalt (Extrusive) 15

Granite (Intrusive) 15

Metamorphic Rock 16

Thermal Metamorphism 16

Regional Metamorphism 16

Dynamic Metamorphism 16

Human Interaction with the Rock Cycle 17

Natural Gas in Ireland (i.e. a fossil fuel) 17

Natural Gas Fields 17

Bord Gáis 18

Weathering 19

Mechanical Weathering 19

Biological Weathering 19

Karst 20

The Burren 20

Erosion Cycle 20

Rivers 22

Fluvial Erosion 22

Coastal Processes 23

Marine Deposition 23

Glacial Processes 23

Glacial Deposition 23

Mass Movement 24

Rapid Mass Movement 24

Human Interaction with Surface Processes 25

Rivers 25

Human Coastal Interaction 26

Bull Island, Co. Dublin 26

Global Crustal Plate Movement

The Theory of Continental Drift proposes that the original land surface of the earth fractured and drifted for over 200 million years across the earth’s surface, fo...

Sign In To View

Sign in or sign up in order to view resources on iRevise

Sign In Create An Account