Setting in Juno and the Paycock
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Juno and the Paycock, written in 1922 by Sean O’Casey, is an example of a text that uses one setting to convey an entire story. The whole play is set in one Dublin tenement and focuses around the Boyle family. They are a dysfunctional family who live in poverty. Their circumstances have been altered by the civil war and the inability or unwillingness of family members to work.
The play is made up of three Acts and at the beginning of each the room is described in detail. In the introduction to Acts One and Three there is clear focus on the picture of the Virgin Mary and the votive light. These items represent religion and hope.
It is important to the play to always be kept in one place. It illuminates the changes in character dynamics more and does not distract from the main points of the play. The description of the tenement is small and claustrophobic, especially for four adults who are sharing.
Moreover, privacy does not seem to be an option and it is rare that someone is in the main room alone. Neighbours and other members of the community visit regularly and it does not ever feel like the space is owned by the family as a unit. Juno spends a lot of her time there but is always employed in a domestic chore. Jack is generally sitting when in the tenement and this does not change throughout. Mary uses the space to dress and get ready for going out. Johnny mainly occupies the...