Mock Exam Paper B Ordinary Level Marking Scheme
PRE-LEAVING CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION, 2012
BIOLOGY — ORDINARY LEVEL
1. The marking scheme is a guide to awarding marks to candidates’ answers. It is a concise and summarised guide and is constructed in a way to minimise its word content.
2. Examiners must conform to this scheme and may not allow marks for answering outside this scheme.
3. The scheme contains key words or phrases for which candidates may be awarded marks. This does not preclude synonyms or phrases which convey the same meaning as the answer in the marking scheme.
4. Although synonyms are generally acceptable, there may be instances where the scheme demands an exact scientific term and will not accept equivalent non-scientific or colloquial terms.
5. The scheme may include the words “any valid answer” and the Examiner will use his/her professional judgement to determine the validity of the answer. If in doubt, he/she should consult with his/her Advising Examiner before awarding marks.
6. Where it comes to the attention of the Examiner that a candidate has presented a valid answer and there is no provision in the scheme for accepting this answer, then he/she must first consult with his/her Advising Examiner before awarding marks.
7. A key word may be awarded marks, only if it is presented in the correct context.
The following is an extract from S63 Instructions to Examiners 2011 p.22.
“Where a candidate answers a question or part of a question once only and then cancels the answer, you should ignore the cancelling and should treat the answer as if the candidate had not cancelled it.” e.g. Question: What is pollination?
Marking Scheme: transfer of pollen/ from anther/ to stigma 3(3) marks
Sample Answer: transfer of pollen/ by insect/ to stigma
The candidate has cancelled the answer and has not made another attempt to answer the question and may be awarded 2(3) marks.
In Section A a su...