Animal Farm by George Orwell
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George Orwell was an English writer best known for his novels Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm. He was born on June 25th, 1903 in Motihari, Bihar, India to Richard and Mabel Blair; his birth name was Eric Arthur Blair.
George Orwell began writing when he was young, and it is believed that he wrote his first poem when he was only four years old. His first poem was published when he was 11, in a local newspaper. George attended boarding school on scholarships, then joined the India Imperial Police Force for 5 years. He spent the rest of his life writing and became well known as a novelist, essayist, critic and journalist. He is considered to be one of the 20th century's most influential writers.
Orwell's first book, Down and Out in Paris and London, was published in 1933. The book explored the lives of working poor and transients, and he started using the pen name George Orwell because he did not want his family to suffer any embarrassment at the topics in his first book. Orwell's second book was Burmese Days. It was published in 1934 and about British colonialism in India. It is believed that this book sparked his interest in politics.
In 1936 Orwell fought in the Spanish Civil War, and was shot in the arm and the throat. George and his wife left Spain, narrowly missing the treason charges brought against them.
George Orwell had various health issues, and developed tuberculosis in 1938. He struggled with it for the rest of his life.
Animal Farm was published in 1945. This novel made Orwell famous and financially sound. The book was an anti-Soviet satirical story about two pigs representing Leon Trotsky and Josef Stalin.
In 1949, Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four was published. The book is also published as 1984 in later editions. This was...